我的系统是WIN7,所以如果遇到什么Telnet无法使用的,是因为WIN7默认没有安装Telnet client。可能还有遇到权限问题,详见:windows7下安装Memcached

以下内容是转载的一篇文章,方便查阅:

Connecting to Memcached server with telnet

telnet <hostname> <port>

In the following \r\n mean you have to type enter in telnet console

If Memcached server send ERROR or CLIENT_ERROR, something is false with the command, if it’s SERVER_ERROR, server itself is in trouble

Retrieval Commands

Parameters :

<key> : the key of the data stored to retrieve

<key>* mean you can request value of multiple keys separated by whitespace

These commands return :

VALUE <flag> <bytes>\r\n<data> (see the following for explanation of <bytes> and <flag>)

END indicate the end of response

Get

Get value from key

Telnet command : get <key>*\r\n

get key
VALUE key 0 4
data
END

Gets

Get value from key along with a cas token (to use with cas command)

Telnet command : gets <key>*\r\n

get key
VALUE key 0 4
data
END

 

Storage Commands

Parameters :

<key> : the key of the data stored

<flags> : 32-bit unsigned integer that the server store with the data (provided by the user), and return along the data when the item is retrieved

<exptime> : expiration time in seconds, 0 mean no delay, if exptime is superior to 30 day, Memcached will use it as a UNIX timestamps for expiration

<bytes> : number of bytes in the data block

<cas unique> : unique 64-bit value of an existing entry (retrieved with gets command) to use with cas command

[noreply] : optional parameter that inform the server to not send the reply

These commands can return :

STORED to indicate success

NOT_STORED indicate that the data was not stored because condition for “add” or “replace” command wasn’t met, or the item is in a delete queue

EXISTS indicate that the item you are trying to store with “cas” command has been modified since last fetch

NOT_FOUND indicate that the item did not exist or has been deleted

Set

Store key/value pair in Memcached

Telnet command : set <key> <flags> <exptime> <bytes> [noreply]\r\n<value>\r\n

set key 0 900 4
data
STORED

Add

Store key/value pair in Memcached, but only if the server doesn’t already hold data for this key

Telnet command : add <key> <flags> <exptime> <bytes> [noreply]\r\n<value>\r\n

add key 0 900 2
10
STORED

Replace

Store key/value pair in Memcached, but only if the server already hold data for this key

Telnet command : replace <key> <flags> <exptime> <bytes> [noreply]\r\n<value>\r\n

replace key 0 900 2
10
STORED

Append

Add value to an existing key after existing data

Append does not take <flags> or <exptime> parameters but you must provide them !

Telnet command : append <key> <flags> <exptime> <bytes> [noreply]\r\n<value>\r\n

append key 0 900 2
10
STORED

Prepend

Add value to an existing key before existing data

Prepend does not take <flags> or <exptime> parameters but you must provide them !

Telnet command : prepend <key> <flags> <exptime> <bytes> [noreply]\r\n<value>\r\n

prepend key 0 900 2
10
STORED

Cas

Store data only if no one else has updated since the last fetch, determined with the cas tokem from gets command

Telnet command : cas <key> <flags> <exptime> <bytes> <cas unique> [noreply]\r\n

cas key 0 900 2 <cas unique>
10
STORED

 

Delete Command

Parameters :

<key> : the key to delete

[<time>] : optional time in second before real deletion of item

[noreply] : optional parameter that inform the server to not send the reply

These command can return :

DELETED to indicate success

NOT_FOUND indicate that the item did not exist or has been deleted

Delete

Store key/value pair in Memcached

Telnet command : delete <key> [<time>] [noreply]\r\n

delete key
DELETED

 

Increment/Decrement Commands

Parameters :

<key> : the key to delete

<value> : the amount to increase/decrease the item.

[noreply] : optional parameter that inform the server to not send the reply

These command can return :

NOT_FOUND indicate that the item did not exist or has been deleted

<value> increment and decrement return the result

Increment

Increment value associated with key in Memcached, item must exist, increment command will not create it

The limit of increment is the 64 bit mark

Telnet command : incr <key> <value> [noreply]\r\n

incr key 12
56

Decrement

Decrement value associated with key in Memcached, item must exist, decrement command will not create it

If you try to decrement a value bellow 0, value will stay at 0

Telnet command : decr <key> <value> [noreply]\r\n

decr key 12
44

 

Statistics Commands

Parameters :

<args> : argument to stats command

These command can return various stats that we will explain in the following

Basic stats

Return general-purpose statistics like uptime, version, memory occupation, …

Telnet command : stats\r\n

stats
STAT pid 106796
STAT uptime 5696
STAT time 1274397461
STAT version 1.4.5
STAT pointer_size 32
...
STAT total_items 344512124
STAT evictions 0
END

Items stats

Return items statistics, will display items statistics (count, age, eviction, …) organized by slabs ID

Telnet command : stats items\r\n

stats
STAT items:1:number 1125
STAT items:1:age 426
STAT items:1:evicted 0
STAT items:1:evicted_nonzero 0
STAT items:1:evicted_time 0
STAT items:1:outofmemory 0
STAT items:1:tailrepairs 0
...
STAT items:42:tailrepairs 0
END

Slabs stats

Return slabs statistics, will display slabs statistics (size, memory usage, commands count, …) organized by slabs ID

Telnet command : stats slabs\r\n

stats
STAT 1:chunk_size 80
STAT 1:chunks_per_page 13107
STAT 1:total_pages 1
STAT 1:total_chunks 13107
STAT 1:used_chunks 1125
...
STAT active_slabs 25
STAT total_malloced 10485600
END

 

Misc Commands

Flush_all

Flush the server key/value pair (invalidating them) after a optional [<time>] period

It always return OK

Telnet command : flush_all [<time>] [noreply]\r\n

flush_all 10
OK

Version

Return the Memcached server version

Telnet command : version\r\n

version
VERSION 1.4.5

Verbosity

Change the verbosity ouptut of Memcached server

It always return OK

Telnet command : verbosity <level> [noreply]\r\n

verbosity 2
OK

Quit

Server close connection when receiving this command

Telnet command : quit\r\n

quit